Do you know what the building and pest inspection are? We tell you all about the building inspection and how it affects the sale of flats.
The sale of flats is one of the most important economic decisions of life, so it is necessary to have all the information about the property so that in the long term you know that you have made the right decision. In this sense, Vital building & pest inspections plays a fundamental role.
For that reason, in this article we tell you everything you need to know about it if you are going to sell or buy a house:
What is the building and pest inspection?
The building and pest inspection is an examination that must be carried out periodically in all buildings. During the building inspection, different elements of the property are reviewed that affect their safety and the quality of life of the people who live there.
Can a house be sold without the building and pest inspection?
Only if the property is obliged to pass the building and pest inspection, it is mandatory that before the signature of the seller before the notary, the seller delivers to the buyer:
• A copy of the report of the building and pest inspection.
• The aptitude certificate derived from the building and pest inspection.
However, there are exceptions:
• If the Certificate of aptitude cannot be obtained because the building and pest inspection determine that the building has serious or very serious deficiencies that have not been solved, the house can be sold with a copy of the report of the building and pest inspection. This must be accredited with the filing date before the Administration.
• If there are justified reasons why the seller cannot obtain any of the documents, the notary will have to attest to this. In that case, the buyer may exonerate the seller from delivering the building and pest inspection.
In any case, the building and pest inspection cannot invalidate a sale, although the notary must attest if the building has the necessary documents, if the Certificate of aptitude is provisional or if it needs restoration.
How do the building and pest inspection affect the sale of a house?
The first thing that is valued when buying a home in the state in which it is located, if it has electricity, etc. It is very important as a seller to teach the building and pest inspection certificate, because:
• The buyer can use this aspect as a weapon in their favor in negotiating the final price to buy the house for less money.
• Also, except for the exceptions discussed above, it is a fundamental requirement to present the ITE before the notary if you want to process the public deed of sale.
Not forgetting that the buyer can back out of the purchase decision because:
• The final price of the house would have to add an extra charge to obtain the Certificate of aptitude of the building and pest inspection.
• Not having the building and pest inspection can mean being sanctioned by the Administration in the future.
• Banks can refuse to provide mortgage loans.
How are the building and pest inspection, and who does it?
For a building or any other type of property to exceed the building and pest inspection, you must follow these steps:
1. If you are a private owner, you must request the building and pest inspection budget from the authorized technician (architects, surveyors and building engineers). If you are not, it will be the community of owners who must request it.
2. the technician will pass the budget to you and, after your approval, will arrange a date for a visit.
3. on the agreed day, the technician will perform the building and pest inspection visually. You can also ask the property for related documents such as the IEE (Building Assessment Report) or the CEE (Energy Efficiency Certificate), data on reforms and previous reports of the building and pest inspection.
4. after the exam, the technician will issue a rating that he enters into an electronic platform. Once the ITE has been signed, it will be delivered to the Administration so that it releases the aptitude certificate.
Results of the building and pest inspection
The results of the building and pest inspection are assessed according to the deficiencies of the building and can be:
• Very serious or serious: there are 3 years to rehabilitate the building and overcome the next ITE. The Certificate of aptitude is issued as “provisionally fit.”
• Important: there are 6 years to rehabilitate the building and overcome the next building and pest inspection. The Certificate of aptitude is issued as “provisional apt.”
• Mild or without deficiencies: there is a term of 10 years to make the next building and pest inspection. The Certificate of aptitude is issued as “apt.”
What do the building and pest inspection analyze?
During the examination of the property, the authorized technician should review:
• The general networks of plumbing and sanitation.
• The state of the structure and the foundation
• The interior, exterior and dividing facades.
• The elements of accessibility.
• Cornices, ledges, flights and ornamental elements.
• The roofs and roofs.
What happens if the property does not pass the building and pest inspection?
1. If the report is unfavorable, you will obtain a certificate of aptitude of “apt provisional” or “apt prudential.”
2. In both cases, an architect must be hired to carry out rehabilitation works.
3. Once everything is settled, the building and pest inspection must be re-submitted and presented to the official body before the deadline marked on the Certificate (3 or 6 years).
4. If one or several neighbors do not want to make the pertinent reforms, the process may be delayed and beyond the established deadlines. In this case, the building and pest inspection will be carried out using an injunction.